Encephalocele is an uncommon neural tube defect (NTD) affecting brain. It is an opening in the skull where a sac containing brain matter and membranes protrudes. When the neural tube does not completely close during gestation, the result can be an opening in the upper portion of the skull, or between the forehead and nose, or at the back of the skull
Encephalocele is associated with problems of the nervous system, and usually comes with other brain and facial deformities. It is estimated that 50% of fetuses with encephalocele survive to birth. This defect occurs more often in females.
For more information about Encephalocele, visit:
- CDC – Facts about Encephalocele
- NINDS – Encephalocele Information Page
- Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin – What is Encephalocele?